kingdom of Nepal lies between 80º 4' and 88º 12'
east longitude and 26º 22' north latitude. It borders
with China in the North and India in the South.
from 70 to 8848 meters.
million (as of 1993)
the national language is the common language in Nepal.
However different ethnic groups have their own mother
languages like Tamang, Gurung, Newari, Maithili,
Sherpa, Bhojpuri, Rai Tharu etc.
per sq. Kms.
and Buddhism are two major religions of Nepal. Hindus
and Buddhist are tolerant to each other and the both
religious group worship each other’s deities and
observe festivals, traditional customs and rites of
both religious group in Nepal, followed by Muslims,
Jains and Christians.
Region – 15 percent of the total land of
the country are covered with snow capped mountains in
the northern part and altitude ranges from 4,877 to
8,848 meters including 8 peaks above the 8,000 meters
namely Mt Everest (8,848m), Kanchanjungha (8,586),
Lhotse (8,516), Makalu (8,463m), Cho Oyu (8,201m),
Dhaulagiri (8,167 m), Manaslu (8,163 m) and Annapurna
I (8,091 m).
Region – 68 percent of the total land of
the country are covered by the hills and mountains in
the central part of Nepal. Altitude varies from 610 to
4,877 meters in this region.
Region- In the southern part, the plain area
of Terai region covers the 17 percent of the total
land of the country.
People of Nepal can
be divided into two distinct group, the Aryans and the Mongolians. And three are
many different ethnic groups in Nepal living in different part of the country
with their own unique cultures, languages and religions.
The ethnic group of Magars, Rais, Sunuwars and Gurungs live in the eastern
mountains observing their own culture and speaking their own culture and
speaking their own mother languages. By tradition, most Gurkha soldiers come
from these ethnic groups and are famous for the bravery in the battles. Sherpas,
inhabitants of the Northern Himalayan region are influenced with the Tibetan
culture. The Sherpas are famous in the world for mountaineering.The Newars
constitute the important ethnic group in the Kathmandu valley. The Newars are
rich in culture and famous for their craftsmanship. There are many artistic
pagodas, monuments and old palaces in the Kathmandu valley built by the Newars.
The ethnic group of Tharus, Maithili, Bhojpuri Danuwar etc live in the Terai
region.The Brahman and Chhetris also play an important role in Nepalese Society.
These groups are originally from the west Nepal and now inhabit the most of all
the parts of the country.Tamangs live outside the rim of the Kathmandu valley.
The Thakalis inhabitant in the northwest part, upper the Kali Gandaki Rivers.
The Thakalis were considered to be expert traders in the past.Apart from the
above, there are still many other ethnic group in Nepal and all of these groups
are tied up together by their common ideals of peace and nationalism.
– Currency of Nepal is known as
Rupee which comes in notes of
1,2,5,10,20,25,50,100,500and 1000. Coins known as
paisa comes in 5,10,25,50 and 100.Rupees coins are
also used; 1,2,5,and 10.One Nepali Rupee is made up of
100 paisa. Foreign currencies must be exchanged only
through the banks or authorized foreign exchange
– Nepal Time is 5 hour 45 minutes ahead of Greenwich
Mean Time and 15 minutes ahead of Indian Standard
– Saturday is the official holiday in Nepal.
220 Volts/50 cycles. Most of the villages, cities of
the kingdom are accessed with electricity.